1816 in Budapest Mr. Prokopije Bolic published book
” Sovrseni vinodelac ” (Perfect winemaker), and this is the first written ampelographic textbook in Serbian language.
The book describes 35 local indigenous wine grapes varieties which grown in the area of today’s Vojvodina, the northern part of the Republic of Serbia.
Today we have less or more ten indigenous wine grapes varieties which are used to produce wine for the market.
There is brief description :
Smederevka grape variety is a Serbian autochthonous grape cultivar
(It was named of medieval capital of Serbia, Smederevo, town on right bank of the Danube, though it is believed that it was originally planted on the Fruska Gora in 2 century AD ).
Ripens in III – IV epoch, very high yield (16 000 kg/ha). Contains 16-18 percent of sugar and I 6-10 g/l acidity, and lot of grape juice.
Middle resistant to low temperatures. It produces wine which has relatively high levels of acid and sugar, very fruitful a and with a pleasant smell.
Is widespread in all regions of Serbia and Vojvodina, also in Macedonia (Tikves area) and west-south of Bulgaria where the call it DIMIAT. Very popular to blend with other wines (It is used for the blend of many Serbian wines, in pure is very rarely).
Kreaca (Banat Riesling, Zekelweis)
Kreaca grape variety is a Serbian autochthonous grape cultivar
Ripens in III epoch, very high yield (15 000 kg/ha). Contains 16-18 percent of sugar and I 5-6 g/l acidity, and lot of grape juice.
It produces wine which has low levels of acid and 10-12 % alcohol and very fresh and fruity. Its widespread in Vojvodina region, Banat area.
It is used in the blend with other wines. Once very popular variety is now, unfortunately in a phase to be vanished.
Tamjanika White (Muscat a Petits Grains Blancs, Muscadine,)
Tamjanika (or Temjanika) White is Muscat grape variety which came to Serbia probably from France in the Middle Ages, but Serbs prefer to see it as their autochthonous grape variety.
It is also called The Queen of Serbian grapes, and the most popular and most respected white wine in Serbia are made from this grape.
Natural clones of this grape variety can be found throughout the eastern Balkan – Romania, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Greece .
Ripens in I II epoch, middle yield (8 000 kg/ha). Contains 20-25 percent of sugar and I 5-7 g/l acidity.Resistant to low temperatures.
Tamjanika wines are rich, fruity, nice heavy smell with characteristic Muscat, notes of strawberry, quince and cinnamon.
It Is widespread in south and eastern wine areas of Central Serbia, mostly in the 3 Morave area where is the main white grape variety.
It is also very popular in Macedonia and Bulgaria
(It was named of by nice grape smell tamjan = frankincense )
Muscat Krokan is white grape variety which came to Vojvodina from France, where it is made with crossbreeding MUSCAT A PETITS GRAINS BLANC X CHASSELAS BLANC.
In the19th century, Count Rohonczy brought it to his family farm in the Biserno ostrvo (Pearl island, Tisa river) near to Novi Becej, Vojvodina region. and began with the production of high quality wine.
Ripens in I II epoch, middle yield (8 000 kg/ha). Contains 18-20 percent of sugar and I 5-7 g/l acidity, Middle resistant to low temperatures.
The wine was gently, smooth with the characteristic scent of vanilla and orange.
Zacinak, ( ZDENCA TRAUBE Tenturier )
Scenic grape variety is a Serbian autochthonous grape cultivar.
Ripens in III epoch, high yield (10 000 kg/ha). Contains 16-18 percent of sugar and I 6-8 g/l acidity.
It produces, very fruitful wine with specific smell.
(ZACINAK means SPICE, FLAVOURING)
Also grain epidermis consist of material which gives a dark color so it’s very popular blend with other red wines from for boosted their colors.
Is widespread in south and east wine areas of Central Serbia
Prokupac red grape is an ancient Balkan autochthonous grape cultivar, which has been grown in Serbia for centuries.
Thought to be a natural clone of a some Georgian grape variety that came and adopted to Balkan in the Middle Ages.
Today it is unknown outside Serbia and Macedonia and West Bulgaria. Rumor says that Turkish grape variety Papaskaras is a distant relative of our grape.
Prokupac is also known as Rskavac (rskavac = crispy, because of acidity is very anxious in the mouth), or Kamenicarka (growing out of the stone, kamen= stone) or Crnka (crno = black) and Skoplje black at Macedonia.
Ripens in early October, very high yield (12 000 kg/ha). Contains 18-18 percent of sugar and I 5-8 g/l acidity.
Highly resistant to low temperatures. It widespread all over Central Serbia region.
Prokupac is used to produce blends rose and red wine , usually
mixed with . Lisicina (Plovdina) and Vranac , or Cabernet Sauvignon.
Rose wines have dark red colour, much darker than traditional pink or blush rose, aromas of strawberries and high acidity.
The high-alcohol red wines are also deep ruby in color, fruit flavors and herbaceous aroma which is characteristic for this grape variety.
Tamjanika Black ( Muskat ruza, MUSCAT DES ROSES NOIR )
Very rare grape which was specific to the Negotin area.
It. is Muscat grape variety which came to Serbia probably from Southern France at the beginning of the 19th century and was grown in the eastern Serbia, (Negotinska Krajina).
It almost disappeared a, but in last 10 years at Serbia interest for autochthonic grape variety raised again,
and some plantations of Tamjanica Black have been restored, but it is small area ( less than 50 ha total).
Ripens in I II – IV epoch, middle yield (6 000 kg/ha). Contains 18-26 percent of sugar and I 5-8 g/l acidity. Resistant to low temperatures.
The Black Tamjanika wine is a rare, smooth wine of particularly harmonized and strong taste, with exceptional quality. It always been very exclusive red wine, rumor says that was a favorite red wine of Josip Broz Tito.
(It was named of by amaizing grape smell tamjan = frankincense )
All photos from
http://www.vivc.de/index.php and www.hortikultura.edu.rs Thank you for understanding 🙂